LHC is a warm, vibrant and welcoming traditional Jewish community with over 120 years of history and culture. Our Rabbi, Shmuli Pink together with his wife Rivkie, lead our community, ensuring Jewish continuity in Leicester. Regular services are held in the Synagogue.
We are proud to welcome people of all faiths and none to our Visitors Centre, newly built, with funding from The National Heritage Lottery Fund. With the help of our ambassadors we are able to guide you through our heritage and religion.
Rabbi and Mrs Shmuli Pink joined us in August 2001. Rabbi Shmuli was born in Manchester where he was first educated up to university entrance. He then pursued rabbinical studies at Yeshivot in Israel, South Africa and in New York where he gained Semicha in 1998.
Following his marriage to Rivkie (nee Weinbaum) in 1998, he undertook postgraduate rabbinical studies in New York for a further year.
Apart from his early rabbinical experience in England, South Africa, the USA, US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico, Rabbi Pink brings a wide experience as a university counsellor at Oxford University and Director of Religious Programmes in Calgary, Alberta. He is fluent in English, Hebrew and Yiddish.
Rabbi Pink is the visiting Chaplain to local hospitals and prisons and is always available to speak to anyone and can be contacted on 0116 270 6622.
History of the Community
The Leicester Hebrew Congregation was founded in the nineteenth century, expanded as a result of the immigration of Eastern European Jews before the first World War, and grew considerably as the result of the Second World War. The years after 1945 saw it becoming steady at its present size, although its detailed shape and structure has changed greatly through the movement of individual families into and out of the area over the past thirty years.
There are traces of a Jewish community in Leicester during the middle ages, but by the early thirteenth century there was no longer any community, and the ‘Jewry Wall’ refers not to Jews but the ‘Jurats’ [aldermen] of the borough. In more modern times, the eighteenth century saw some itinerant Jewish peddlers in the county, but it is in 1849 that the first residents who can be identified as Jews are to be found. Many of them were shopkeepers, often associated with various clothing or tailoring manufacturing trades, but they were also to be found retailing, not least of all in the long-established Leicester market.
The Nineteenth Century
It was after the foundation of a partnership between Israel Hart of Canterbury and Joseph Levy of Leicester to form what became the nationally known firm of Hart and Levy that the community began to take formal shape. There is a local report in 1861 of the appearance of a small community of Jews in the Borough, and it was about this time that Israel Hart moved to Leicester and bought for himself a big house in the suburbs.
Details of the early community are scarce. There is no information of the earliest ministers to the Congregation but by 1870, Rev. Israel Leventon was minister to the Leicester Congregation, one of a series of ministers that has remained unbroken since then. A silver ritual pointer in the possession of the Leicester Hebrew Congregation records that it was presented ‘to the Holy Congregation of Leicester’ in 1871, and an early Directory of Anglo-Jewry published in late 1873 includes a brief entry for Leicester. It was at about the same time, in 1874, that there begins to be some mention of the Leicester Hebrew Congregation in the Jewish Chronicle. In 1875, the Congregation was licensed for weddings by the Board of Deputies and thus received its final recognition.
For many years Israel Hart was the most prominent member and almost perpetual President of the Congregation; he was also very prominent in the life of Leicester itself and marks of his munificence are still to be seen in the city. One of the most prominent is the magnificent fountain in Town Hall Square. He was four times Mayor of Leicester and began a tradition of links between the congregation and municipal life. There have so far been three Jewish Mayors or Lord Mayors of Leicester – Israel (later Sir Israel) Hart, Cecil Harris, and Sir Mark Henig – and for many years the annual Civic Service in the synagogue continued to mark these long-standing connections.
But other individuals contributed greatly to the early years of the congregation, and there are still some individuals in Leicester, like the Jacobs or May families, descended from some of these 19th-century pioneers. At the end of the 19th century, ten families were sent to Leicester at the invitation of ‘a leading tailoring firm’ (probably Hart and Levy) bringing the community to some sixty seat holders, and at the same time, the rented buildings which had been used as a synagogue became both inadequate and virtually beyond repair.
Therefore, it was decided to build a new synagogue which was formally opened in 1898, one of the few provincial buildings designed specifically for that purpose. A notice in the Jewish Chronicle reported that the majority of the congregation was ‘of the working class’.
The Twentieth Century
As the community grew over the following years it remained very tightly knit and cohesive, but at its centre was always its minister. It is indeed very significant that in the first hundred years of the community, 1874 till 1974, two ministers between them, Revd Newman and Revd Susman, served the community for over fifty years, but all the ministers were important in maintaining standards of religious life and education. Equally important were the laymen of the community, for both the Jewish and non-Jewish communities. The Lord Mayors have been mentioned, but there were also men like Mac Goldsmith whose names were widely known both inside the community and on a national level.
Like many other communities, it had a proud record in both World Wars. Tablets in the vestibule of the Synagogue record the names of forty-nine men associated with the Community who served in the First World War; given the size of the community at that stage it is a remarkable record while equally remarkably only three were killed. The equivalent tablet for the Second World War records the three members in the armed forces who were killed.
The Second World War saw a significant if temporary growth in the size of the community. Rationalisation of the garment industry during the War led to several small tailoring firms leaving London and being relocated in Leicester, and though many of these evacuees returned to London after the end of the War a number stayed to become stalwarts of the community.
The Twenty-First Century
Leicester remains typical of many of the provincial communities of Great Britain. Its demography has changed greatly, while its membership reflects much more than ever before how Anglo-Jewry has been changing. An appreciable number of its members are connected with the University, while many of the children of the community go out of town to University and are thus attracted away. But it still retains a solid core of members, and the centre of its activities remains the synagogue.
Aubrey Newman, Leicester Hebrew Congregation: A Centenary Record
Aubrey Newman and Pat Lidiker, Portrait of a Community: a History of the Leicester Hebrew Congregation
Rosalind Adam, Jewish Voices: Memories of Leicester in the 1940s and 1950s
Serving the Local Hebrew Community
Our synagogue is open and welcoming to all members of the Jewish community.
COVID-19 Safety Procedures and reopening our Shul for Shabbat
Please read the following carefully to ensure you are familiar with the steps you need to observe to keep everybody safe.
When we reopen our Shul for communal prayer, we will be strictly following guidelines issued by both the Government and Chief Rabbi’s Office. The Rabbi and Management Committee intend to take a cautious step by step approach to the restarting of services beginning with Shabbat morning services.
We will be putting various safeguards in place to mitigate any perceived risks. To ensure we comply with social distancing and to comply with “Track and Trace” requirements you must pre-book your attendance each week with our Centre Manager, Pauline Carroll, by Friday mid-day at the latest. This can be done by Contacting Us.
You cannot attend services without pre-booking.
Shabbat Service will start at 10:00 a.m. and finish by 11:30 a.m.
We respectfully ask that members arrive between 9:45 a.m. and 10:15 a.m, to ensure a prompt start. If ladies wish to come in later, we ask them to arrive between 10:30 a.m. and 11:00 a.m. Please keep your outer coats with you and place them on the empty seat next to you.
We will be using the new entrance on Highfield Street to access the building. The original entrance, now designated as the Ceremonial Door, will not be in use. Our caretaker, Richard Burbage will be on the door and will have a list of attendees.
On entry, you will be asked to sanitise your hands using the station next to the front door and it is mandatory to wear a face-covering whilst in the building. Masks will be available at the door.
Men will enter the Shul via the corridor to the right of the new entrance. This leads to the old foyer/vestibule.
Ladies will use the staircase in the new foyer or Shabbat lift to reach the first floor. There is a new entrance to the Ladies Gallery at the right-hand corner of the upper foyer.
Toilet facilities are available on each floor. There are two toilets on the ground floor and one on the first floor and basement/Mikva levels. All toilets are unisex. Please familiarise yourselves with their positions and use the one nearest to you. After using the toilets, please wipe down surfaces, including sinks and taps that you have touched, with the wipes provided.
All surfaces will have been cleaned thoroughly before the services. A hand sanitising station will be placed in both the men’s’ and ladies’ sections. Please sanitise your hands after touching any surfaces.
Strict social distancing at 2 metres will be in place with many of the pews not in use. Please only use the designated pews. This may mean you cannot sit in your normal seat. If you wish to sit with a family member who must be in your “family bubble”, please indicate this to Pauline when you prebook your attendance. The synagogue will be set out to accommodate these wishes. Seats not in use will be clearly marked and the cushions removed.
Clean prayer books will be available at each entrance. Please take a book and keep it at your seat. Do not return books at the end of the service. The books will be left for 72 hours before being returned to the clean area and will not be used again until the following week to ensure their surfaces are clean.
There will be changes to the format and content of the service as advised by the Chief Rabbi, including:
The Rabbi will conduct the service from in front of the Ark to give more space when Torah Reading.
The Rabbi will open the Ark and take Hagbah and Gelilah after the Torah Reading.
If you are willing to be called up and do receive an Aliya, social distancing will be in place. We will explain how this will work at the Torah Reading time.
There will be no singing.
There will be no Kiddush at Shul.
National Lottery Heritage Fund (NLHF) Project
In 2018, the Leicester Hebrew Congregation was awarded a grant of £1,157 million by The National Lottery Fund (now NLHF) for a project “Sharing Jewish Heritage in Leicester”.
This funding has been used to build and set up a Visitor Centre to preserve, celebrate and share Leicester’s rich Jewish heritage.
The Leicester Hebrew Congregation Synagogue has been used by the Jewish community for worship and educational purposes since 1897.
Currently, the building welcomes over 2,500 visitors a year as well as being used for regular worship by the local Jewish Community. The historic school rooms have been transformed into a Visitors’ and Educational Centre to welcome the public, schools, and various other groups, responding to a high demand for Heritage visits. The Project has enhanced the Synagogue by refurbishing the main synagogue and Mikvah (ritual bath), creating a new entrance and opening up spaces, previously unavailable to the public allowing for full disabled access to most areas.
The restored spaces support activities including hands-on sessions for schools, family activities, research sessions and Heritage Days. New displays including a timeline of the Community's history will let people explore the Community’s past and interactive AV display will allow visitors to explore Jewish heritage and culture. Existing and new volunteers are trained to support visits. New links, engagement activities and partnerships will create a sustainable future for the building and the wider history of Leicester it represents.
No activity is risk-free at this time, but we have taken all possible precautions to mitigate any potential risks in line with current guidelines. Nevertheless, every individual must assess their own situation and attends at their own risk
Rabbi Shmuli and Anthony Jacobs
Times of Service
Sunday 8:30 a.m.
Shabbat: 9:30 a.m.
Rosh Chodesh and Fast days: 8:15 a.m.
Friday (Summer): 7:30 p.m.
Friday (Winter): At Candle Lighting Time
Shabbat (Summer): 6:00 p.m. (Email for Location)
Shabbat (Winter): 12:30 p.m. Approx.
See below for special arrangements due to Covid Restrictions